BCG

BCG Matrix Template

Analyze ways to spur business growth and capture market share.

About the BCG Matrix Template

The BCG matrix template is a four-quadrant grid that allows businesses to visualize where and how they can grow their market share. Using this template, businesses can see where they currently stand in the marketplace. In doing this, they can also identify the best areas for growth.

What is a BCG matrix?

Created by the Boston Consulting Group, the BCG matrix (also known as the Boston matrix or growth-share matrix) is a strategic planning tool. The BCG matrix divides business units and products into one of four categories based on their market shares. With this information, businesses get an insight into which products can help them capitalize on market share growth opportunities.

What are the two measurements used in the BCG matrix?

There are two key measurements used in the BCG matrix: analyzing the market growth rate and reviewing relative market share.

  • Market growth rate. This measurement looks at the level of revenue growth within the marketplace. It usually compares growth with the previous year to predict future growth.

  • Relative market share. This measurement analyzes your current position in the marketplace in relation to your largest competitor.

Reviewing these measurements allows you to identify likely opportunities for growth. It also helps you find any problem areas or areas of improvement in your existing products.

4 elements of a BCG matrix

If you’re working with a product portfolio, a BCG growth-share matrix can give you a quick overview of how products are performing and help you build a basis for further analysis. To use the chart, analysts plot a scatter graph to rank business units (or products) according to their relative market shares and growth rates.

1. Cash cows

These are products or business units with a high market share in a slow-growing industry. These units typically generate cash above the amount needed to maintain the business.

2. Dogs

Dogs are units with a low market share in a mature, low-growth industry. These units typically "break even," generating barely enough cash to maintain the business's market share. Many investors choose to sell off dogs.

3. Question marks

Also called “problem children,” question marks operate in a high-growth market yet maintain a low market share. They could potentially gain market share, become stars, and then become cash cows. Question marks should be analyzed carefully to determine whether they are worth the investment required to grow market share.

4. Stars

Stars are units with a high market share in a fast-growing industry. They have graduated from question marks with a market- or niche-leading trajectory.

How do you use a BCG Matrix Template?

Miro’s whiteboard tool is the perfect canvas to create and share your BCG matrix. Get started by selecting this BCG matrix template. The simple template allows you to collaborate on portfolio analysis in real-time and takes only a minute to set up. A completed matrix can be used to assess the strength of your organization and its product portfolio.

To give you an idea of how to create your own BCG matrix using our template, we’ve outlined a simple step-by-step guide.

Step 1: Choose the product. Start by identifying the product or services you want to analyze with the matrix.

Step 2: Define the market. To use the BCG matrix template effectively, you need to correctly define your market. If you don’t, the results from the matrix won’t be accurate. To make sure you’ve got a good handle on the market you need to review, we’d suggest doing a market analysis.

The process involves performing a quantitative and qualitative assessment of the market. It looks at the size of the market, the target audience, the competition, and the economic environment.

Step 3: Calculate the relative market share. Find out how you currently stand in the marketplace by calculating your relative market share. Here’s the formula you need:

Relative market share = your market share / your largest competitor’s market share.

Step 4: Find out the market growth rate. Figure out how much the marketplace has grown over the last year using this formula:

Market growth rate = total sales in current year / total sales from previous year.

Step 5: Add all the information to the matrix. You’ve done the legwork — now it’s time to put all the information in the matrix template. Then, you can use Miro’s easy collaboration features to share it with your team, stakeholders, and anyone else who would benefit from seeing it.

What are the benefits of using the BCG matrix?

In addition to identifying the best areas of growth, there are many other benefits of using the BCG matrix:

  • It’s simple to understand. The BCG template is simple to understand, making it accessible to everyone. This is especially helpful if you need to share the matrix with external stakeholders.

  • It’s easy to create. The matrix is simple in its design, making it easy to create. And if you opt to use an online platform like Miro, it’s even easier. Simply choose the BCG matrix template and start inputting your information.

  • It helps you allocate resources. Use the matrix to find out where to invest your time and money to see the best results.

Examples of when to use a BCG matrix

Your organization can find a BCG matrix useful in several areas: marketing, project management, and strategic management. Typically, the matrix is used during the strategic planning phase of a marketing plan or project. It can also be used for business portfolio analysis.

Let’s take a look at some examples:

1. To increase investment in a product to capture additional market share. If one of your products sits in the question mark category, you know that investing in this product is likely to get an increase in market share.

2. To determine whether you should pause investment in a certain product. If a product sits in the dog category, you know that you’re not likely to see a lot of growth. If you’re looking to pause investment, products in this section would be your best bet.

3. To maximize cash flow from a product. Using the matrix, you can see which products are your top performers, otherwise known as star products. These are the big sellers with the most market share, so you can use the matrix to identify which products yield the highest revenue.

4. To best allocate resources. The matrix shows you which products are worth investing time, money, and resources in so that you have the best chances of turning a profit. For businesses operating in a competitive landscape, this is incredibly helpful.

Typically speaking, the matrix is better suited for large businesses. In smaller businesses, relative market share can be too small to quantify. It’s also based on the idea that market share can be achieved by spending more on the marketing budget. If you have a limited budget, you might be restricted in how you can use the BCG matrix.

If you’re a small business, we’d suggest using a SWOT analysis instead.

FAQs about BCG matrix

What are the four quadrants of the BCG matrix?

The four quadrants of a BCG matrix are cash cows (high market share, slow growth), dogs (low market share, low growth), question marks (high market share, low growth), and stars (high market share, high growth).

How do you use the BCG matrix model?

The BCG matrix model is used to assess the quality of investments in a business portfolio and their potential for future profitability. A BCG matrix is useful because it assesses the external environment and is best paired with other forms of internal analysis that assess the quality and state of the investments themselves.

BCG Matrix Template

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